can strengthen the tie between husband and wife. AS Sociology Families and Households Revision Bundle which contains the following: 50 pages of revision notes covering all of the sub-topics within families and households mind maps in pdf and png format 9 in total, covering perspectives on the family short answer exam practice questions and. Young and Wilmott found that Extended Kin networks were still strong in East London as late as the 1970s. To understand the family unit, one must look at all theoretical views as functionalism on its own is too limited a view. Functionalists compare this with the human body because if one component is unable to work, this often affects other components in the body, which could result in death.
Another criticism would be that Functionalists do not consider the validity of other family structures such as the Nayar or the Kibbutz who can also perform the four functions. He says that the family have four basic functions: to relieve Sexual needs, to reproduce, to provide primary socialisation for young children and to provide economic support for the family these make the nuclear family?best fit? Examine Functionalists explanations of the family (24 marks) Functionalists believe that society is based on a set of shared values and norms; this is known as a value consensus. Domestic violence many feminists also believe that within the family, women are serving the needs of men and they are oppressed, this suggest the family is not functional for women as argued by the functionalists. The final function is the education system, this enables the young to be socialized and educated into societys norms and values, and this suggests the family is a positive feature of society. This type of family fits industrial societies because it required a mobile workforce. Parsons felt such conflict would be less likely to occur within nuclear families than classic extended families. Functionalism is too deterministic, this means it ignores the fact that children actively create their own personalities.
(Its worth pointing out here that ascribed status is based on particularistic values with the family while achieved status comes from society being bound together by universalistic values of achievement (goal attainment) theres more you can read about this and other functional perquisites. Parsons identifies segregated conjugal roles between a husband and wife. Next I am going to talk about how Marxists view the nuclear family and there views on whether it is the?best fit? Basically its too neat social change doesnt happen in such an orderly manner: Laslett found that church records show only 10 of households contained extended kin before the industrial revolution. The nuclear family fits the more complex industrial society better, but it performs a reduced number of functions. There are many negatives with Parsons ideology for instance he idealizes the nuclear family and ignores diversity, as there is more than just the nuclear and extended family in modern society. Gender roles are socially constructed and usually involve the oppression of women. For some other societies such as tribal communities.read more. Parsons identifies two types of family structure: the nuclear family, which fits the needs of modern industrial society and the extended family, which fits the needs of pre-industrial society. The extended family consisted of parents, children, grandparents and aunts and uncles living under one roof, or in a collection of houses very close to eachother. For example within the family the offspring could achieve a higher status than the father because they achieve a higher occupation. . The stabilisation of adult personalities refers to the emotional security which is achieved within a marital relationship between two adults.
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